The goal of the LCFF is to significantly simplify how state funding is provided to local educational agencies (LEAs). LEAs will receive funding based on the demographic profile of the students they serve and gain greater flexibility to use these funds to improve outcomes of students. The LCFF creates funding targets based on these students characteristics.
For school districts and charter schools, the LCFF funding targets consist of grade span-specific base grants plus supplemental and concentration grants that reflect student demographic factors. Supplemental and concentration grant amounts are calculated based on the percentage of “unduplicated pupils” enrolled in the LEA on Census Day (first Wednesday in October).
“Unduplicated” means that each pupil is counted only once even if the pupil meets more than one of these criteria (EC sections 2574(b)(2) and 42238.02(b)(1):
(1) are English learners
(2) meet income or categorical eligibility requirements for free or reduced-price meals under the National School Lunch Program
(3) are foster youth
In addition to this new formula, the new finance system requires districts to create a Local Control Accountability Plan (LCAP)
, which describes how they intend to meet annual goals for all pupils, with specific activities to address state and local priorities identified pursuant to California Education Code (EC) sections 52060(d), 52066(d), and 47605.
The State and Local Priorities are:
1 - “Basic Conditions of Learning”
2 - “State Standards”
3 - “Parental Involvement”
4 - “Pupil Achievement”
5 - “Pupil Engagement”
6 - “School Climate”
7 - “Course Access”
8 - “Other Pupil Outcomes”
The LCAP is intended as a comprehensive planning tool to support student outcomes and is an important component of the local control funding formula (LCFF). The LCAP provides an opportunity for local educational agencies (LEAs) to share their stories of how, what, and why programs and services are selected to meet their local needs.
Within California, LEAs that apply for Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) funds must also complete the LCAP Federal Addendum (Addendum) as part of meeting the requirements for the ESSA LEA Plan.